Transferring Docker GitLab Repositories to a New Server
In a recent move of offices, we had to stop our GitLab docker container and decided to take the opportunity to improve the storage of our git repositories. Instead of storing our git repositories on a desktop computer that’s acting as a server, we wanted to move them to a Network Access Storage (NAS). This NAS is by Synology and has been set up with RAID to automatically backup data stored on the device, providing us with better resilience against storage failure. Additionally, it provides some optimisations in data transfer and storage, which the standard desktop doesn’t have.
However, the difficulty comes when trying to transfer the repositories as GitLab stores secrets to encrypt the repositories. When searching for how to transfer the repositories, many different methods appeared for the different possible GitLab setups. Therefore, this post shows the process that we followed to successfully transfer our repositiories from one GitLab docker container to another.
This post assumes that the GitLab version is 12.6.
The first step is to backup the repositories on the old server, which in this case are stored on the host machine and bind-mounted into the GitLab docker container. To do this, we must enter the container and use a gitlab command to generate the backup as a tar file, storing it into a bind-mounted folder so that we can access it from the host machine.
First, enter the container:
docker exec -it <container id> bash
Second, create a folder for holding the backup and additional files that we need:
Now, generate a backup:
After that, locate the backup, which is found under the
/var/opt/gitlab/backups folder, and transfer it to the backup folder:
cp <backup name> /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-backup
Now we need to find the additional files that I mentioned earlier. These are gitlab-config.rb and gitlab-secrets.json files, which are found under the bind-mounted folder /var/opt/gitlab. Copy these files to the backup folder:
cp gitlab-config.rb /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-backup cp gitlab-secrets.json /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-backup
Now that we have a backup of the GitLab repositories and the necessary configuration files, we can transfer these to the new machine. There are several different ways the backup folder can be transferred to the new machine, we chose to transfer over the network as both our machines were connected to the same network.
To transfer the folder, you can use the scp command on the host machine as follows:
scp -r <location of /var/opt/gitlab on host machine>/gitlab-backup <new machine username>@<new machine ip address>:<~>
New GitLab Container
On the new machine, we need to create a new empty GitLab docker container. The docker image used must be the same version as the previous image on the old machine.
Here I’m assuming the new machine has Docker installed. If not, please go ahead with installing Docker.
Create the necessary folders to persist the data on the host machine:
mkdir ~/gitlab/config mkdir ~/gitlab/data mkdir ~/gitlab/log
Next, download and run the image:
docker pull gitlab-ce:<tag> docker run -d \ -v ./gitlab/config:/etc/gitlab \ -v ./gitlab/data:/var/opt/gitlab \ -v ./gitlab/log:/var/log/gitlab \ -p 80:80 \ gitlab-ce:<tag>
Wait here for the GitLab container to set itself up.
With the new GitLab docker image setup and running, we can transfer our backup files into the container.
cp ~/gitlab-backup/<backup name> ~/gitlab/data/backups cp ~/gitlab-backup/gitlab-config.rb ~/gitlab/config cp ~/gitlab-backup/gitlab-secrets.json ~/gitlab/config
Finally, we can run the restore process inside the container:
docker exec -it <container id> bash gitlab-backup restore
With that, the transfer of the GitLab repositories is complete. For us, the process of backing up our GitLab repositories can be improved further by establishing an offsite backup as well. However, for now, moving our GitLab to a NAS with RAID setup has already significantly improved our resilience to storage failure.